Reproductive system is the set of system that consist sex organs that work together for the purpose of reproduction. Certain fluids, hormones and pheromones also form a part of this reproductive system. The reproductive system allows the fusion of genetic combination of two individuals for the better offspring’s. The reproductive system is a crucial organ system that eventually affects the physical fitness along with the heredity related factors. There are numerous diseases that affect the potentiality and efficacy of reproductive system. Some of those very common diseases are given below:
Reproductive Tract Infections (RTI): These are the infections that affect reproductive tract of any individual. Reproductive tract are the part of reproductive systems and these infections can either be upper reproductive tract infections or lower reproductive tract infections. These are also bifurcated in sexually transmitted infection, endogenous infections and iatrogenic infections. These RTI can be caused by various viruses, bacteria and funguses as well.
Kallmann Syndrome: It is a reproductive system disorder in which the puberty does not develop in its fullest. This can affect both females and males and it can also create the symptoms of hypogonadism. The long term presence of the disease can also cause infertility in patients.
Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS): It is the partial or complete inability of the cells to respond to androgens. This androgen insensitivity can affect the masculinisation of male genitalia in womb and also affect the development of secondary sexual characteristics at puberty.
Prostate cancer: This disease also affects the reproductive system of an individual. In prostate cancer the cancer causing cells can spread from prostate to other parts of the body. The cancer could cause difficulty in urinating, painful sexual intercourse and erectile dysfunctions.
Breast Cancer: This is another type of cancer associated with reproductive system. This cancer grows from the breast cells or the inner lining of the milk ducts or lobules.
Ovarian Cancer: This is a cancer arising from the ovary and the common symptoms of this cancer may include pelvic pain, bloating stomach and frequent urination.
Cervical Cancer: It is a cancer that starts from cervix and is caused by malignant neoplasm. The most common sign of this cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding. Early stage of the cancer can be cured with surgery but in later stage it can be controlled with chemotherapy.
Hypoactive sexual desire disorder: It is a sexual dysfunction which comes under a genital identity disorder or sexual disorder. The sufferer of this disease may experience severe distress and interpersonal difficulties.
Ectopic Pregnancy or Eccysis: This is a reproductive system disorder in which the implantation of the embryo happens outside the uterine cavity. This kind of pregnancy may cause internal haemorrhage that could be life threatening for the mother.
Hypogonadism: It is diminished functional activity of gonads that is defined by the diminished sexual hormonal synthesis process. The gamete production is also impaired in this disease and it is also known as “interrupted stage 1 puberty”. The production of sexual hormones is slowed down in this disease.